Estação Romana da Quinta da Abicada

Villa - Roman Period (72)
The archaeological site of Abicada is located at halfway through a small elevation, on the tip of a peninsula at the confluence of the ribeira do Farelo and the ribeira da Senhora do Verde, integrated into the Ria de Alvor at about 3200 m of the coastline. This villa's territorial location allowed combining the development of the agricultural activity with the exploitation of marine and freshwater resources. The archaeological works allowed the identification of traces of artefacts and an imposing Roman villa (about 1000 to 1300 m2 in area), with an occupation sequence set between the 1st and the 4th century AD. The pars urbana (residential area) is composed of three buildings with geometrical blueprints, that communicate with each other by a portico gallery, supported by columns and facing the sea. The floor is coated with mosaic, with both vegetable and geometrical compositions in black and white (stars, diamonds and branches, among others) and highly technical polychromes with artistic quality. The architectural elements of this villa fit the classic model of the "seaside villa", with influences of the North African provinces. About 20m to the southwest of this area tanks (cetariae) were identified, which would match a fish sauce condiment production workshop. There would also be a pier close to the residence that allowed sailing access to the river inlet and the sea.


Guided tours by appointment, made by the Educational Center of the Museum of Portimão. Archaeological site integrated in the "Rota da Mexilhoeira Grande" and the "Rota da Dieta Mediterrânica".

Visit conditions

By booking



    How to get there? Best practices

    Best practices

    Good practices when visiting archaeological sites

    To visit an archaeological site is to connect with our origins, to understand our path and evolution as a species integrated in the environment, and to respect and safeguard our heritage so that future generations can also visit and enjoy it.

    Walking the paths and enjoying the structures and archaeological pieces that survived over time, fosters the understanding of what is different, but also of what is common among different populations: basically, what identifies us as Homo Sapiens.

    More than just vestiges and ruins of the past, archaeological sites showcase our capacity for creative thought, adaptation, interconnection, comprehension and resilience. Without these traits we would not have been successful as cultural beings participating in an ongoing evolutionary process. These sites also allow to consider choices made in the past thus contributing for decisions in the present to be made with greater awareness and knowledge.

    Archaeological sites are unique and irreplaceable. These sites are fragile resources vulnerable to changes driven by human development. The information they keep, if destroyed, can never be recovered again.

    As such, the Directorate-General for Cultural Heritage (DGPC) invites all visitors to enjoy the beauty and authenticity of these sites, while helping to preserve them for future generations by adopting the following set of good practices:

    • Respect all signs; 
    • Do not try to access fenced areas; 
    • Do not climb, sit or walk on archaeological structures and remains; 
    • Respect areas where archaeological excavations are being carried out, not disturbing them; 
    • Do not collect materials or sediments;
    • Do not write or make graffiti on archaeological structures; 
    • Put the garbage in appropriate containers. If none exist, take the garbage with you until you find a suitable container; 
    • Leave the archaeological site as you found it; 
    • Do not drive bicycles or motor vehicles over archaeological sites; 
    • Respect and protect the plants and animals that live in the areas surrounding archaeological sites;
    • Report signs of vandalism or destruction to DGPC or Regional Directorates of Culture (DRC);
    • Share the visiting experience and the archaeological sites, as a way of raising awareness to their preservation and making them better known;
    • Do not buy archaeological materials and report to public security authorities, DGPC or DRC, if you suspect that archaeological materials may be for sale.

    Further information:

    AIA / ATTA (2013) – Guide to best practices for archaeological tourism. 

    Raposo, J. (2016) – Código de conduta para uma visita responsável a sítios arqueológicos. In Sítios arqueológicos portugueses revisitados: 500 arqueossítios ou conjuntos em condições de fruição pública responsável. Al-madan, 2ª série, p. 20 – 77. 

    DGPC contacts

    Phone: +351213614200 | Email:


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