Povoado de Santa Vitória

Ditched Enclosure - Chalcolithic (Copper Age) (3612)
The Santa Vitória archaeological site is located east of Campo Maior village, near the Caia river, about 312 m away from the Cabeço do Cubo archaeological site (CNS 3646), to which it might be related, and 4.4km away from the Monte da Contenda site (CNS 33889), covering an area of about 1 hectare. It is located atop an elevation, about 312 m high, which stands out in the surrounding landscape The various archaeological works allowed to identify two lines of ditch like structures excavated in the geological substrate, one of which with a winding trajectory that structured the occupied space. In addition to this ditch system, several silo / pit structures were identified, along with combustion structures and possible residential areas (semi-excavated circular huts with masonry foundation) and a large diversity of archaeological materials (polished and chipped stone artefacts, ceramic containers, weaving components, among others), which document a community settlement at this location during the first half of the 3rd millennium BC (3000-2500 BC). The stratigraphic analysis and the available materials allows to define two occupation stages, in which the oldest matches the occupation of the inner ditch enclosure and the second stage being defined by the presence of huts and combustion structures after these ditches were filled.

Overview

The site has visiting conditions and information panels on site. Integrates the Archaeological Itineraries of Alentejo and Algarve.

Visit conditions

Free entrance

Timetables

Contacts

Documents

    How to get there? Best practices

    Best practices

    Good practices when visiting archaeological sites

    To visit an archaeological site is to connect with our origins, to understand our path and evolution as a species integrated in the environment, and to respect and safeguard our heritage so that future generations can also visit and enjoy it.

    Walking the paths and enjoying the structures and archaeological pieces that survived over time, fosters the understanding of what is different, but also of what is common among different populations: basically, what identifies us as Homo Sapiens.

    More than just vestiges and ruins of the past, archaeological sites showcase our capacity for creative thought, adaptation, interconnection, comprehension and resilience. Without these traits we would not have been successful as cultural beings participating in an ongoing evolutionary process. These sites also allow to consider choices made in the past thus contributing for decisions in the present to be made with greater awareness and knowledge.

    Archaeological sites are unique and irreplaceable. These sites are fragile resources vulnerable to changes driven by human development. The information they keep, if destroyed, can never be recovered again.

    As such, the Directorate-General for Cultural Heritage (DGPC) invites all visitors to enjoy the beauty and authenticity of these sites, while helping to preserve them for future generations by adopting the following set of good practices:

    • Respect all signs; 
    • Do not try to access fenced areas; 
    • Do not climb, sit or walk on archaeological structures and remains; 
    • Respect areas where archaeological excavations are being carried out, not disturbing them; 
    • Do not collect materials or sediments;
    • Do not write or make graffiti on archaeological structures; 
    • Put the garbage in appropriate containers. If none exist, take the garbage with you until you find a suitable container; 
    • Leave the archaeological site as you found it; 
    • Do not drive bicycles or motor vehicles over archaeological sites; 
    • Respect and protect the plants and animals that live in the areas surrounding archaeological sites;
    • Report signs of vandalism or destruction to DGPC or Regional Directorates of Culture (DRC);
    • Share the visiting experience and the archaeological sites, as a way of raising awareness to their preservation and making them better known;
    • Do not buy archaeological materials and report to public security authorities, DGPC or DRC, if you suspect that archaeological materials may be for sale.

    Further information:

    AIA / ATTA (2013) – Guide to best practices for archaeological tourism. 

    Raposo, J. (2016) – Código de conduta para uma visita responsável a sítios arqueológicos. In Sítios arqueológicos portugueses revisitados: 500 arqueossítios ou conjuntos em condições de fruição pública responsável. Al-madan, 2ª série, p. 20 – 77. 

    DGPC contacts

    Phone: +351213614200 | Email: informacaoarqueologica@dgpc.pt

     


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