Lavajo I / Afonso Vicente

Menhir - Neolithic (8213)
The megalithic monument Lavajo I is located on the top of a hill, 155 meters above sea level, between the Vale do Lavajo and the Barranco do Lavajo. This megalithic monument is composed of an alignment of three menhirs in greywacke, diverse in size and with multiple decorations. Currently there are two menhirs found in the original site, one of which with 3.14 m in length with phallic morphology, and another fragmented in three stellar blocks. The third, very fragmented, can be seen in the Núcleo Arqueológico de Alcoutim. The decoration of these menhirs are made of several motifs, namely vertical furrows, cups, circular or semi-circular (horseshoes) and anthropomorphic shapes. The menhir core of Lavajo I is related to a set of four smaller undecorated menhirs, located about 250 m away (Lavajo II), on the other side of a small valley. The archaeological artefacts and the decorative features of the menhirs collected during the excavation works allow to chronologically place them between the Late Neolithic and the Early Chalcolithic (3500 - 2800 BC). This unique alignment of menhirs is one of the rare non-funerary megalithic monuments identified in the Eastern Algarve.


Archaeological Site is integrated on the "Rota da Dieta Mediterrânica" (Mediterranean Diet Tour")

Visit conditions

Free entrance




How to get there? Best practices

Best practices

Good practices when visiting archaeological sites

To visit an archaeological site is to connect with our origins, to understand our path and evolution as a species integrated in the environment, and to respect and safeguard our heritage so that future generations can also visit and enjoy it.

Walking the paths and enjoying the structures and archaeological pieces that survived over time, fosters the understanding of what is different, but also of what is common among different populations: basically, what identifies us as Homo Sapiens.

More than just vestiges and ruins of the past, archaeological sites showcase our capacity for creative thought, adaptation, interconnection, comprehension and resilience. Without these traits we would not have been successful as cultural beings participating in an ongoing evolutionary process. These sites also allow to consider choices made in the past thus contributing for decisions in the present to be made with greater awareness and knowledge.

Archaeological sites are unique and irreplaceable. These sites are fragile resources vulnerable to changes driven by human development. The information they keep, if destroyed, can never be recovered again.

As such, the Directorate-General for Cultural Heritage (DGPC) invites all visitors to enjoy the beauty and authenticity of these sites, while helping to preserve them for future generations by adopting the following set of good practices:

  • Respect all signs; 
  • Do not try to access fenced areas; 
  • Do not climb, sit or walk on archaeological structures and remains; 
  • Respect areas where archaeological excavations are being carried out, not disturbing them; 
  • Do not collect materials or sediments;
  • Do not write or make graffiti on archaeological structures; 
  • Put the garbage in appropriate containers. If none exist, take the garbage with you until you find a suitable container; 
  • Leave the archaeological site as you found it; 
  • Do not drive bicycles or motor vehicles over archaeological sites; 
  • Respect and protect the plants and animals that live in the areas surrounding archaeological sites;
  • Report signs of vandalism or destruction to DGPC or Regional Directorates of Culture (DRC);
  • Share the visiting experience and the archaeological sites, as a way of raising awareness to their preservation and making them better known;
  • Do not buy archaeological materials and report to public security authorities, DGPC or DRC, if you suspect that archaeological materials may be for sale.

Further information:

AIA / ATTA (2013) – Guide to best practices for archaeological tourism. 

Raposo, J. (2016) – Código de conduta para uma visita responsável a sítios arqueológicos. In Sítios arqueológicos portugueses revisitados: 500 arqueossítios ou conjuntos em condições de fruição pública responsável. Al-madan, 2ª série, p. 20 – 77. 

DGPC contacts

Phone: +351213614200 | Email:


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