Anta da Herdade da Candieira/ Anta da Candeeira

Anta/Dolmen - Neolithic e Chalcolithic (Copper Age) (609)
The Candieira menhir is located in a slight elevation next to the first ridgeline of the Ossa range, near the Calado Brook. This megalithic monument is composed of a polygonal shaped chamber, about 3m in diameter, formed by seven shale orthostates, 2m tall, along with a cover slab decorated with cups and a medium sized corridor, rectangular in shape, from which only two orthostates are preserved. Traces of the mamoa are identified on the outside, which would reach roughly 5m in diameter. The headboard has a small square shaped orifice, known locally as the "soul hole" which shows a strong magic symbolism. This orifice, which ascribes uniqueness to this megalithic monument, may have been made during prehistoric times, or even in later periods (medieval/modern), possibly being associated to the use of this dolmen as a shelter for shepherds and hermits. The architectural characteristics and the materials collected in this monument allow to frame its construction and use at the end of the 4th and 3rd millennium BC (3500/2000 BC), being reused in medieval periods (14th century), as well as modern periods.


This monument is integrated in a route - "Rota dos Eremitas da Serra d'Ossa - Percursos Pedestres do Alqueva".

Visit conditions

Free entrance




How to get there? Best practices

Best practices

Good practices when visiting archaeological sites

To visit an archaeological site is to connect with our origins, to understand our path and evolution as a species integrated in the environment, and to respect and safeguard our heritage so that future generations can also visit and enjoy it.

Walking the paths and enjoying the structures and archaeological pieces that survived over time, fosters the understanding of what is different, but also of what is common among different populations: basically, what identifies us as Homo Sapiens.

More than just vestiges and ruins of the past, archaeological sites showcase our capacity for creative thought, adaptation, interconnection, comprehension and resilience. Without these traits we would not have been successful as cultural beings participating in an ongoing evolutionary process. These sites also allow to consider choices made in the past thus contributing for decisions in the present to be made with greater awareness and knowledge.

Archaeological sites are unique and irreplaceable. These sites are fragile resources vulnerable to changes driven by human development. The information they keep, if destroyed, can never be recovered again.

As such, the Directorate-General for Cultural Heritage (DGPC) invites all visitors to enjoy the beauty and authenticity of these sites, while helping to preserve them for future generations by adopting the following set of good practices:

  • Respect all signs; 
  • Do not try to access fenced areas; 
  • Do not climb, sit or walk on archaeological structures and remains; 
  • Respect areas where archaeological excavations are being carried out, not disturbing them; 
  • Do not collect materials or sediments;
  • Do not write or make graffiti on archaeological structures; 
  • Put the garbage in appropriate containers. If none exist, take the garbage with you until you find a suitable container; 
  • Leave the archaeological site as you found it; 
  • Do not drive bicycles or motor vehicles over archaeological sites; 
  • Respect and protect the plants and animals that live in the areas surrounding archaeological sites;
  • Report signs of vandalism or destruction to DGPC or Regional Directorates of Culture (DRC);
  • Share the visiting experience and the archaeological sites, as a way of raising awareness to their preservation and making them better known;
  • Do not buy archaeological materials and report to public security authorities, DGPC or DRC, if you suspect that archaeological materials may be for sale.

Further information:

AIA / ATTA (2013) – Guide to best practices for archaeological tourism. 

Raposo, J. (2016) – Código de conduta para uma visita responsável a sítios arqueológicos. In Sítios arqueológicos portugueses revisitados: 500 arqueossítios ou conjuntos em condições de fruição pública responsável. Al-madan, 2ª série, p. 20 – 77. 

DGPC contacts

Phone: +351213614200 | Email:


2 Voted for this site