Menires do Padrão

Menhir - Neolithic (728)
In the southern area of Raposeira, close to the Praia de Ingrina, a set of fifteen menhirs can be identified, deployed on top of soft elevations and with a good view of Sagres and the surrounding costal landscape. The Padrão Menhirs, which might have been a cromlech, were carved in white limestone, with conical, sub-cylindrical, oval and parallelepiped shapes, sizes between 0.65cmand 3m in height and with some of the surfaces decorated with cups and twines, being close to other menhir sites, like the Milrei (CNS 357) and Aspradantes (CNS 726), framed in the Algarve's windward Megalithic complex. Menir number nine differs from the rest, since it is placed on a tumulus type stone structure of sub-circular shape, with 5 m in diameter, made of blocks of limestone, sandstone and greywacke. The excavation of this structure allowed the identification of quern stones fragments, hammerstones, flint flakes and fragments of prehistoric ceramic vessels, as well as an "intentional deposit" consisting of a ceramic vessel, quern stones, common cockle shells (cerastoderma edule) and limpets (Patella). Collected archaeological artefacts allow to frame the construction of the menhirs and the ritual use of this area in the Late and Middle Neolithic (5500 - 4500 BC).


Megalithic monument integrated in the Pedestrian Walking Route of "Encostas da Raposeira" (Slopes of Raposeira).

Visit conditions

Free entrance




    How to get there? Best practices

    Best practices

    Good practices when visiting archaeological sites

    To visit an archaeological site is to connect with our origins, to understand our path and evolution as a species integrated in the environment, and to respect and safeguard our heritage so that future generations can also visit and enjoy it.

    Walking the paths and enjoying the structures and archaeological pieces that survived over time, fosters the understanding of what is different, but also of what is common among different populations: basically, what identifies us as Homo Sapiens.

    More than just vestiges and ruins of the past, archaeological sites showcase our capacity for creative thought, adaptation, interconnection, comprehension and resilience. Without these traits we would not have been successful as cultural beings participating in an ongoing evolutionary process. These sites also allow to consider choices made in the past thus contributing for decisions in the present to be made with greater awareness and knowledge.

    Archaeological sites are unique and irreplaceable. These sites are fragile resources vulnerable to changes driven by human development. The information they keep, if destroyed, can never be recovered again.

    As such, the Directorate-General for Cultural Heritage (DGPC) invites all visitors to enjoy the beauty and authenticity of these sites, while helping to preserve them for future generations by adopting the following set of good practices:

    • Respect all signs; 
    • Do not try to access fenced areas; 
    • Do not climb, sit or walk on archaeological structures and remains; 
    • Respect areas where archaeological excavations are being carried out, not disturbing them; 
    • Do not collect materials or sediments;
    • Do not write or make graffiti on archaeological structures; 
    • Put the garbage in appropriate containers. If none exist, take the garbage with you until you find a suitable container; 
    • Leave the archaeological site as you found it; 
    • Do not drive bicycles or motor vehicles over archaeological sites; 
    • Respect and protect the plants and animals that live in the areas surrounding archaeological sites;
    • Report signs of vandalism or destruction to DGPC or Regional Directorates of Culture (DRC);
    • Share the visiting experience and the archaeological sites, as a way of raising awareness to their preservation and making them better known;
    • Do not buy archaeological materials and report to public security authorities, DGPC or DRC, if you suspect that archaeological materials may be for sale.

    Further information:

    AIA / ATTA (2013) – Guide to best practices for archaeological tourism. 

    Raposo, J. (2016) – Código de conduta para uma visita responsável a sítios arqueológicos. In Sítios arqueológicos portugueses revisitados: 500 arqueossítios ou conjuntos em condições de fruição pública responsável. Al-madan, 2ª série, p. 20 – 77. 

    DGPC contacts

    Phone: +351213614200 | Email:


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