Olival da Pega 2

Anta/Dolmen - Neolithic e Chalcolithic (Copper Age) (590)
This megalithic monument is located at one of the northeast extremities of the Reguengos de Monsaraz plains, near the Pega Stream, consisting of a dolmen and three tholoi, part of a funeral complex to which Olival da Pega Dolmen 1 is also connected (CNS - 15272). The dolmen 2 of Olival da Pega consists of a polygonal shaped chamber with seven orthostates and a long corridor about 16m long, formed by ten orthostates on each side and carved in different raw materials. Two large shale orthostates were added to the corridor, profusely decorated with cups. Four funeral areas are identified on the outside, annexed to the corridor, three of which are tholoi type monuments. An ample and heterogeneous set of artefacts was identified inside these diverse funerary contexts, composed of about 60 complete ceramic vessels, with different shapes and sizes, adornment elements (necklace beads and bone hair pins), zoomorphic figurines (fox), flaked stone (blades, lamellae, arrowheads, halberds) and polished stone artefacts (axes), manual quern elements, complete and reused engraved shale plaques and fragments of shale crozier handles. The architectural features of this monument and the materials collected inside it allow to chronologically frame its construction and use at end of the 4th and over the 3rd millennium BC (3500 - 2500 BC).


This megalithic monument is integrated in the "Roteiro do Alqueva".

Visit conditions

Free entrance




      How to get there? Best practices

      Best practices

      Good practices when visiting archaeological sites

      To visit an archaeological site is to connect with our origins, to understand our path and evolution as a species integrated in the environment, and to respect and safeguard our heritage so that future generations can also visit and enjoy it.

      Walking the paths and enjoying the structures and archaeological pieces that survived over time, fosters the understanding of what is different, but also of what is common among different populations: basically, what identifies us as Homo Sapiens.

      More than just vestiges and ruins of the past, archaeological sites showcase our capacity for creative thought, adaptation, interconnection, comprehension and resilience. Without these traits we would not have been successful as cultural beings participating in an ongoing evolutionary process. These sites also allow to consider choices made in the past thus contributing for decisions in the present to be made with greater awareness and knowledge.

      Archaeological sites are unique and irreplaceable. These sites are fragile resources vulnerable to changes driven by human development. The information they keep, if destroyed, can never be recovered again.

      As such, the Directorate-General for Cultural Heritage (DGPC) invites all visitors to enjoy the beauty and authenticity of these sites, while helping to preserve them for future generations by adopting the following set of good practices:

      • Respect all signs; 
      • Do not try to access fenced areas; 
      • Do not climb, sit or walk on archaeological structures and remains; 
      • Respect areas where archaeological excavations are being carried out, not disturbing them; 
      • Do not collect materials or sediments;
      • Do not write or make graffiti on archaeological structures; 
      • Put the garbage in appropriate containers. If none exist, take the garbage with you until you find a suitable container; 
      • Leave the archaeological site as you found it; 
      • Do not drive bicycles or motor vehicles over archaeological sites; 
      • Respect and protect the plants and animals that live in the areas surrounding archaeological sites;
      • Report signs of vandalism or destruction to DGPC or Regional Directorates of Culture (DRC);
      • Share the visiting experience and the archaeological sites, as a way of raising awareness to their preservation and making them better known;
      • Do not buy archaeological materials and report to public security authorities, DGPC or DRC, if you suspect that archaeological materials may be for sale.

      Further information:

      AIA / ATTA (2013) – Guide to best practices for archaeological tourism. 

      Raposo, J. (2016) – Código de conduta para uma visita responsável a sítios arqueológicos. In Sítios arqueológicos portugueses revisitados: 500 arqueossítios ou conjuntos em condições de fruição pública responsável. Al-madan, 2ª série, p. 20 – 77. 

      DGPC contacts

      Phone: +351213614200 | Email: informacaoarqueologica@dgpc.pt


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