Anta do Monte Abraão

Anta/Dolmen - Neolithic (655)
The Anta do Monte Abraão, also known as Pedra do Monte Abraão or Alto do Monte Abraâo, is part of the megalithic set of Antas de Belas, located atop a limestone platform, at 213 metres high. Having the most elevated position of the whole set, it establishes visual contact with Anta da Pedra dos Mouros (CNS 11301), located at 800m south and is located at 300m northwest of the Anta da Estria (CNS 3001). This megalithic monument, facing east, displays a polygonal chamber (2.8m by 4m), composed by seven limestone orthostates, six of which preserved in situ and a corridor with an atrium, measuring roughly 8m long. Some of the chambers' orthostates have images of fossils carved on the inner side, which could have an aesthetic or magical-religious meaning. The artefact collection recovered on this dolmen is composed of highly fragmented human osteological remains, silex and crystal-rock quartz lithic-flaked artefacts (lamella, blades, retouched flakes, nuclei, a halberd, a dagger and 77 arrowheads), an amphibolite axe, a small fibrolite axe, a shale adze or axe, limestone votive artefacts, bone artefacts (Almeria-type idol, puncher, bracelet, hairpin, a cylindrical box with incisions and buttons), engraved shale plaque, 175 collar beads and four pendants of different types and raw materials, along with a set of ceramic recipients, some of which intact (five undecorated bowls, a carinated cup, two carinated vessels and several sherds, one of which having bell shaped decoration). The architectonic characteristics of this dolmen, combined with the recovered artefacts and absolute dating allow to frame its construction and first use by the late 4th millennium / first half of the 3rd millennium BC, being reused by late 3rd millennium / early 2nd millennium BC.

Overview

The monument is part of the nucleus of Antas de Belas.

Visit conditions

Free entrance

Timetables

Contacts

Documents

    How to get there? Best practices

    Best practices

    Good practices when visiting archaeological sites

    To visit an archaeological site is to connect with our origins, to understand our path and evolution as a species integrated in the environment, and to respect and safeguard our heritage so that future generations can also visit and enjoy it.

    Walking the paths and enjoying the structures and archaeological pieces that survived over time, fosters the understanding of what is different, but also of what is common among different populations: basically, what identifies us as Homo Sapiens.

    More than just vestiges and ruins of the past, archaeological sites showcase our capacity for creative thought, adaptation, interconnection, comprehension and resilience. Without these traits we would not have been successful as cultural beings participating in an ongoing evolutionary process. These sites also allow to consider choices made in the past thus contributing for decisions in the present to be made with greater awareness and knowledge.

    Archaeological sites are unique and irreplaceable. These sites are fragile resources vulnerable to changes driven by human development. The information they keep, if destroyed, can never be recovered again.

    As such, the Directorate-General for Cultural Heritage (DGPC) invites all visitors to enjoy the beauty and authenticity of these sites, while helping to preserve them for future generations by adopting the following set of good practices:

    • Respect all signs; 
    • Do not try to access fenced areas; 
    • Do not climb, sit or walk on archaeological structures and remains; 
    • Respect areas where archaeological excavations are being carried out, not disturbing them; 
    • Do not collect materials or sediments;
    • Do not write or make graffiti on archaeological structures; 
    • Put the garbage in appropriate containers. If none exist, take the garbage with you until you find a suitable container; 
    • Leave the archaeological site as you found it; 
    • Do not drive bicycles or motor vehicles over archaeological sites; 
    • Respect and protect the plants and animals that live in the areas surrounding archaeological sites;
    • Report signs of vandalism or destruction to DGPC or Regional Directorates of Culture (DRC);
    • Share the visiting experience and the archaeological sites, as a way of raising awareness to their preservation and making them better known;
    • Do not buy archaeological materials and report to public security authorities, DGPC or DRC, if you suspect that archaeological materials may be for sale.

    Further information:

    AIA / ATTA (2013) – Guide to best practices for archaeological tourism. 

    Raposo, J. (2016) – Código de conduta para uma visita responsável a sítios arqueológicos. In Sítios arqueológicos portugueses revisitados: 500 arqueossítios ou conjuntos em condições de fruição pública responsável. Al-madan, 2ª série, p. 20 – 77. 

    DGPC contacts

    Phone: +351213614200 | Email: informacaoarqueologica@dgpc.pt

     


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